March 5, 2019 By admin
As recorded in the Compendium of Materia Medica (本草纲目）， it was mentioned that cactus are mild and cold, and it functions as a qi and activating blood, relieving pain and swelling, clearing away heat and detoxification. In the older days, people use cactus to treat parotid glands.
Modern medical research has found that cactus has heat-clearing, detoxification, bacteriostasis and anti-inflammatory effects. The thick fleshy stem of cactus is rich in protein, minerals, cellulose, vitamin C and other active ingredients such as SOD, flavonoids and polysaccharides. The actual chemical composition of the stem of Cactus is 85%-90% water content, 5%-12% crude protein content in dry matter, 62%-76% digestible dry matter and 2%~6% carbohydrate content. Cactus fruit is rich in glucose and fructose, 6% – 8% (dry weight), while protein content is low, 3.2% – 5% (dry weight), and also rich in potassium, calcium, phosphorus, iron, magnesium and other minerals and Vc.
Cactus is rich in amino acids, superoxide dismutase (SOD), polysaccharides and other chemical ingredients are active ingredients with nourishing effect on the skin, and its rich vitamin C has the ability to scavenge and inhibit free radicals, which is very suitable for cosmetic applications.
As such, Cactus is gaining its popularity in the making of cosmetics, as well as medical supplements in recent years.
内容：乃仙人掌上所生子也粤语∶仙人掌多依石壁而生，叶劲而长，若龃龉状，开花俨如凤形， 子生花下，名曰凤栗，叶曰凤尾。 发苞外类芋，渠内攒瓣如珠，各擎子珠于掌，一枝一掌 ，自下而上，子自青赤而黄，有重壳，外浓内薄。熟其仁食之，味甜兼芡栗，可以延年，又 名千岁子。此草可辟火，广人多植之堂侧。性宜沙土，恶肥腻。 明黄佐仙人掌赋序∶仙人 掌，奇草也。多贴石壁而生，惟罗浮黄龙金沙洞有之。叶劲而长，若龃龉状。发苞时，外类 芋魁，内攒瓣如翠球，各擎子珠如掌然，青赤转黄，而有重壳，剖之，浓者在外如小椰，可 为匕勺；薄者在里如银杏衣，而裹园肉煨食之，叶兼芡栗，可补诸虚，久服轻身延年，俗呼 为千岁子，此与蔓生者名同物异也。 云南通志∶仙人掌叶肥浓如掌，多刺，相接成枝，花 名玉英，色红黄，实似山瓜，可食。 味甘性平，补脾健胃，益脚力，除久泻。 敏按∶群芳谱仙人掌出自闽粤，非草非木，亦非果蔬，无枝无叶，又并无花，土中突发 一片 ，与手掌无异。其肤色青绿，光润可观。掌上生米色细点，每年只生一叶于顶，今岁长在左 ，来岁则长在右，层累而上。植之家中，可镇水灾。如欲传种，取其一片切作三、四块，以 肥土植之，自生全掌矣。近日两浙亦有，据所载当另是一种，与此全别，或名同物异欤。